Posts Tagged ‘Weaving’

More on Looms-Again

March 14, 2008

 Here is another eBay link


You see the beater in the center of the photo.

Directly beneath it you see the cloth beam

To the left side of the photo you see a chair and to the right  of it, the breast beam with cloth in progress around the beam leading to the cloth beam.

Something  interesting  here, is the ratchet & pawl setup on the outside of the loom frame. I can’t say I’ve ever seen this before – all  the looms I’ve seen have the ratchet & pawl ( lower right hand corner, just above the watermark) on the inside of the frame.

Behind the beater are four “harnesses” holding string “heddles”. Above that are the pulleys ( counterbalanced loom) hanging from a “roller bar” which allows for the rise & fall of the pulleys which also provide their own rise & fall.

The beater is overslung from the top which provides a nice weighted beat as it’s swung back and forth. It also shows the  characteristic peak in the middle of the top portion.

While it’s tempting to grab the beater at the peak, the beat of the cloth is more even when grabbed by one hand on each side.

I seem to see three treadles, though I’m not really sure, but three treadles is typical of linen looms.

The warp is also on a slight incline, getting higher toward the back of the loom.

I am still trying to work this out. I was always told that you want the warp to run horizonatally from the warp beam, through the heddles to the breast  beam and to ride in the center of the  heddle eye to avoid undue abrasion, and I have seen that often on 100 year old looms.

But lately, the looms I’ve  seen tend to have that incline. While at least one had a unique feature that explained the incline, the rest did not. I wonder if it’s particular to linen looms?




For Comparisons Sake – Early American Spinning Wheels

March 1, 2008

Today is a kind  of rest  day for me but here are some links to wheels of different kinds that will give an idea as to how many types and differences there are.

I have put in my comments as to what seems to be the problems either with the wheel  or the seller not being familiar with the topic.

 These are all on eBay.


Link to ebay

Great Wheel missing parts/mixed matched parts: Not  easy to replace, and  costly when you do.



Great Wheel missing spindle post and spindle assembly. Basically a useless whee for spinning.


Nice wheel, telltale  tensioner  – missing spindle assembly – tensioner style gives clues to origin (state)


Parlor wheel declared to be a “travelors wheel’ –


an upright wheel looking as  if the  base  isn’t  original


Spinning  wheel  parts  – good look at Mother of All(s) etc.


Not an old wheel but brand new. Pay attention & make sure you know what your’e buying.


Refers  to “shuttle” having been repaired? No shuttles on spinning wheels or used with them.


Stamped wheel missing bobbin and flyer- can be replaced but must be custom made $$$$$ Too difficult

to replace from another wheel.



These are print postcard images from The Library of Congress. I find them very interesting and informative. Check out the other objects in the photograph for clues to age and  locale.

You can  also look under ‘spinning wheels in art” and you will find paintings with various spinning wheels in them too. Have fun! Test Your Sluething Skills – look for incongruities.



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